Yoga is an old discipline from India. It’s both spiritual and physical. It uses breathing techniques, exercise and meditation. It helps to improve health and happiness and thus acts as an overall mind enhancer for an individual. Not only it helps in correcting bad posture but also helps in managing pain. It is the Sanskrit word for union.
Patanjali yoga was a pioneer of classical yoga. It’s defined as “the cessation of the modification of the mind”. (stopping changing the mind).
A person doing this will move from one posture (called asana) to another. For example, the “sun-salutation” contains 12 poses of asanas, one after the other, and is said to help balance body and soul. The “sun-salutation” is popularly known as “Suryanamaskar”.
It was introduced by Indian Ascetic. Ascetic practices (tapas) are referenced in the Brāhmaṇas (900 to 500 BC), early commentaries on the Vedas. Several seals discovered at Indus Valley Civilization (~3300–1700 B.C.) sites in Pakistan depict figures in positions resembling a common yoga or meditation pose. The pose shows “a form of ritual discipline, suggesting a precursor of yoga”, according to archaeologist Gregory Possehl. Scholars think there must be some type of connection between the Indus Valley seals and later yoga and meditation practices, though there is no conclusive evidence.
- Jonathan Mark Kenoyer describes one figure as “seated in yogic position”
- Karel Werner writes that ” Archeological discoveries allow us, therefore, to speculate with some justification that a wide range of Yoga activities was already known to the people of pre-Aryan India.
- Classification based on mind and body.
- Rajayoga: Emphasizes the most on exercise
- Hathayoga: Emphasizes the most on the exercise of the physical body.
- Classification based on way of spiritual life.
- Gyanyoga: It is a way of knowledge.
- Karmayoga: It is a way of work.
- Bhakti-yoga: It is a way of worship.
- Classification based on a way of other things.
- Swaryoga: Emphasizes the most on breathing.
- Kriyayoga: Emphasizes the most on blending Karmayoga (Tapa)
One can become a Yoga teacher too, once he/she gets qualified for it.