Well, it is often advised to eat healthy, in order to stay fit. But what exactly is a healthy diet or we can say a balanced diet? Let’s find out more about it…
Let’s start with the basic definition of diet. So what is a diet?
A diet is all that we consume in a day. It can be anything, both healthy and unhealthy. So that’s why the concept of balanced diet comes into play. Basically, a balanced diet is a diet that contains an adequate quantity of essential nutrients that we require in a day. It includes six main nutrients that is Fats, Protein, Carbohydrates, Fiber, Vitamins & Minerals.
Another factor that plays a major role is the amount of calorie intake. The number of calories in a food is a measurement of the amount of energy stored in that food. Our body uses calories from food to daily tasks such as Walking, Breathing, and Thinking etc.
IMPORTANCE OF BALANCED DIET:
The following are the importance of a balanced diet:
- Balanced Diet leads to a good physical and good mental health.
- Our Organs & Tissues used proper nutrition to work effectively.
- It also helps in improving mental health.
- A balanced diet also helps in controlling insulin resistance.
- Helps in proper growth of the body.
- Lack of proper nutrition may lead to heart diseases infection, fatigue and poor performance.
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Rising levels of obesity and diabetes in America are prime examples of the effects of a poor diet and a lack of exercise. The Center for Science in the Public Interest reports that 4 of the top 10 leading causes of death in the United States are directly influenced by diet. These are:
- Heart disease
COMPONENTS OF A BALANCED DIET:
A vital source of energy, carbohydrates comprises about 60% of an individual’s diet. Most of your energy needs are met from carbohydrates. Choose wisely from complex carbohydrate sources such as whole grains-wheat, millets, brown rice etc.
Proteins are needed for growth purposes and to repair wear & tear of the body. It also helps in building muscles.
Major sources of high proteins food for veggies include chickpeas, kidney beans etc. along with dairy products.
For non-vegetarians, good sources include eggs, fish, chicken & lean meat.
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They contribute to about 15% of daily caloric needs and are a major energy source.
Fats can be found in fatty foods such as peanut butter, ghee essential also cheese etc.